Inorganic arsenic speciation in water samples by miniaturized solid phase microextraction using a new polystyrene polydimethyl siloxane polymer in micropipette tip of syringe system
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The polymer, polystyrene polydimethyl siloxane was loaded into the micropipette tip of the syringe system as an adsorbent to developed miniaturized solid phase microextraction. Standard solutions of arsenate and arsenite were passed through the adsorbent loaded in micropipette tip to check the adsorption behaviors. It was observed that arsenate adsorbed on the polystyrene polydimethyl siloxane in the pH rang of 6-8, while arsenite was directly passed through the micropipette tip of syringe system. The adsorbed arsenate in micropipette tip of syringe system were eluted by 1.0 M hydrochloric acid. The total inorganic arsenic contents were obtained by the addition of oxidizing agent potassium permanganate into the studied samples before passing to the micropipette tip of syringe system. Arsenite concentration in water samples were measured by subtracting arsenate from total inorganic arsenic concentration. Different characteristics which effect the determination of arsenate specie like amount of adsorbent, adsorption capacity, pH, pulled and pushed cycles for adsorption and desorption, volume of sample, eluent type and it volume were also studied in detail. Enrichment factor and detection limit of arsenate by desired method were 218 and 6.9 ng L-1 respectively. The relative standard deviation was 4.1% (n=10, C=0.12 mu g L-1). Accuracy of the desired technique was confirmed by analysis of the CRMs (Lake Ontario Water TM-28.3 and Riverine Water NRCC-SLRS-4). Desired technique was significantly useful for determination of the total arsenic, arsenate, and arsenite contents in different natural water samples. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.