Desired Labour Supply of the Unemployed in Turkey
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This study examines factors affecting the desired labour supply of unemployed individuals. Study relies on data obtained from surveys conducted by face-to-face interviews with unemployed people throughout Turkey. The survey has been carried out in at least one city representative of each statistically designed twelve regions. Number of surveyees has been determined according to the unemployment rate of both men and women in each region. Accessing 2162 unemployed people, survey has been implemented at the Turkish Employment Agency, which is designated for enacting communication between employers and unemployed people. The results obtained from Ordered Probit method show that women, married men and older, disabled, high-educated people demand lower levels of working hours. On the other hand, higher levels of desired labour supply arise from increases in expected levels of wage, non-labour income and existence of a small child or a dependent person in the family. Therefore, the study explores the necessity of differentiating working hours according to sex, education, physical disability and age. It has been discovered that women recede from labour market in case of an increase in their unemployment duration. Besides, the study reveals the positive impact of government nursing services for dependent persons on the desired labour supply.